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Deutsches Technikmuseum - Orenstein & Loewe

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The Websites of the donation Stiftung Deutsches Technikmuseum Berlin at a glance:

Stiftung

The donation contains six locations:

Black and white photo: Half length portrait of Carl Schapira

The engineer Carl Schapira (1879-1957) was ousted from the management board of Telefunken company in 1933. In 1941 he fled via Madrid to New York.
© AEG-Telefunken-Archives/SDTB

Photo of Schapira´s arc converter

In 1906 Carl Schapira invented an arc transmitter for the radio transmission of sound: the beginning of wireless telephony.
© Wolfgang Thelen

Photo: The blue Rumpler drop car with streamlined bodywork and swing axles in the wind tunnel

The Rumpler drop car in the aerospace exhibition.
© SDTB / C. Kirchner

Black and white photo: Rumpler and daughter in front of a tenth-scale design prototype of the streamlined drop car

Aeroplane- and automobile designer Edmund Rumpler (1872-1940) and daughter with a model of his drop car. After 1933 he was forced to withdraw from business.
© SDTB

"Orenstein & Loewe: Twenty German-Jewish Engineers,
Inventors and Photographers 1933–1945"

Special exhibition from 20 February 2013 to the end of March 2014

Black and white photo: Portrait of Alfred Orenstein, a young man smiling friendly and full of confidence.

Alfred Orenstein (1885-1969), Director-General of a lokomotive- and rolling stock factory, around 1930 © Private collection

This special exhibition uses texts, photographs and objects to tell the stories of twenty prominent figures from Jewish families whose life and work is closely associated with the fields addressed by the German Museum of Technology.

Behind great names from the history of technology stand people whose life work was destroyed during the Nazi period – such as the radio manufacturer Manfred Aron, the pharmacist Arthur Eichengrün, the photographer Fritz Eschen or the inventor and journalist Georg Rothgießer.

Logo of the Berlin-wide theme year 2013: on top line the title "Diversity destroyed" in bold letters, some letters are crossed out with red colour. Bottom line: "Berlin 1933, 1938, 1945"

Black and white photo: Siegmund Loewe, in white overall, is sitting at his work-table

Radio pioneer Siegmund Loewe (1885-1962), around 1927 © SDTB / Photo: Historical Archives, Collection Goebel

Impact of Nazi Politics

Until 1933 it was largely irrelevant whether a German engineer, inventor, photographer or industrialist was a practising Jew or had any Jewish ancestry. That was to change dramatically when Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party took power on 30 January 1933. Soon, all over Germany, Jewish civil servants were being sacked, Jewish photographers and journalists boycotted, and Jewish inventors and industrialists driven into exile or murdered.

By the time of the Night of Broken Glass five years later, on 9 November 1938, anti-Semitism had become the order of the day – making no exception for the many Jews working in the fields covered by the German Museum of Technology, such as inventors and engineers. The so-called "Aryanisation" of economic life deprived them of the means to earn a living and stripped them of their rights. Anyone who was still able attempted to emigrate. Deportations to the death camps began in October 1941 and few European Jews lived to experience the end of the war in 1945.

Part of the Berlin-wide theme year
As part of the Berlin-wide theme year in 2013, Diversity Destroyed, it was developed as a collaborative project presented at relevant locations throughout the museum.

Header photo: Radio receiver Nora "K4W" from 1928, produced by radio factory owner Manfred Aron (1884-1967)
© SDTB / Photo: C. Kirchner